The biblical character Moses
Peace and greetings. I hope these words will greet you in the kindest of manner. This topic, The etymology of Mesu (Moses), has been either overlooked or completely dismissed in favor of half-truths and supplanted fables with no physical evidence. The purpose of this thesis is to not sway you from your spiritual truths but only to state the absolute facts. Let these validated truths stand upon their own merit, and let your soul stand upon its own light.
The age of Semitic Morphology vs. the age of ancient Egyptian language
The Egyptian language is older than any Semitic language. Moreover, several Egyptian words like Amen, Horus, and Ptah are used in the Semitic language family. Egyptologists and Semitists concur that the genetic relation between Egyptians and Semitic is based on morphological evidence.
According to a study on non-Semitic loanwords in the Hebrew Bible, approximately 64% of the 235 loanwords identified in the Hebrew Bible come from non-Semitic languages. Of these loanwords, 135 are from Egyptian.
The Biblical Moses
The name Moses was given by the Pharaoh's daughter,
who was not Hebrew but honored the baby with a
royal Egyptian name. This name was later redefined
The Egyptian Moses
|The Egyptian symbol mes means "born of" or "brought forth by."|
Here are some of the royal attributes associated with MES (: Born Of).
Seqnenre Tao II
Sampling of "Mes" in The Egyptian King's List
18th Dynasty (Ahmose I)
|Pharaoh Ahmose I|
|Tut: Horus Name: Ka nakht tut mesut
The strong bull, pleasing of birth.
|Ramesses: Born of Ra|
The Tempest Stela
The Tempest Stela, also known as the Storm Stele, is an ancient Egyptian artifact erected by Pharaoh Ahmose I in the early 18th Dynasty of Egypt around 1550 BCE. The stele describes a great storm that struck Egypt during this time, destroying the Theban region's tombs, temples, and pyramids. The stele also describes the work of restoration ordered by the kin. The part of the stele that describes the storm is the most damaged part of the stele, with many lacunae in the meteorological description.
The Tempest Stela was discovered in pieces in the 3rd pylon of the temple of Karnak at Thebes between 1947 and 1951 by French archaeologists. It was restored and published by Claude Vandersleyen in 1967 and 1968. The stela consists of a single text in horizontal lines, copied on both sides of a calcite block that once stood over 1.8 meters tall. The side of the stela, termed the ‘face’ or ‘front side,’ had horizontal lines painted red, with incised hieroglyphs highlighted in blue pigment. The reverse face, or back, was unpainted.
The Tempest Stela is an important historical artifact that provides insight into ancient Egyptian history and meteorology. It is a testament to the power of nature and how it can impact human civilization.
The Ten Commandments
- The Code of Hammurabi: This is one of the oldest and most complete written legal codes in history. It was created by King Hammurabi of Babylon around 1750 BC. The code consists of 282 laws that cover various aspects of life, such as crime, family, trade, and social justice. The code also includes a famous principle of "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" as a form of punishment. Some of the laws in the code are similar to the Ten Commandments, such as "You shall not murder", "You shall not steal", "You shall not bear false witness", and "You shall not covet your neighbor's wife".
- The Code of Ur-Nammu: This is the oldest known law code in the world. It was written by King Ur-Nammu of Ur, a city-state in ancient Mesopotamia, around 2050 BC. The code consists of 57 laws that deal with civil and criminal matters, such as theft, murder, divorce, and inheritance. The code also introduces the concept of a fair trial and a presumption of innocence for the accused. Some of the laws in the code are similar to the Ten Commandments, such as "You shall not kill", "You shall not commit robbery", "You shall not commit adultery", and "You shall not slander".
- The Egyptian Book of the Dead: This is a collection of spells, prayers, and rituals that were used by ancient Egyptians to guide the souls of the dead through the afterlife. It dates back to around 2600 BC and was written on papyrus scrolls that were buried with the mummies. The book contains a chapter called "The Negative Confession", which is a list of 42 sins that the deceased had to deny before the judgment of Osiris, the god of the underworld. Some of the sins in the list are similar to the Ten Commandments, such as "I have not killed anyone", "I have not stolen", "I have not lied", and "I have not coveted my neighbor's goods".
|The 42 Negative Confessions likely inspired the creation of the 10 Commandments.|
Did Moses Cross the Red Sea?
- There is no archaeological evidence to support the story of Moses crossing the Red Sea.
- The area's geography does not support the idea that Moses crossed the Red Sea. The Red Sea is a deep and wide body of water, and it is unlikely that it could have been parted by a strong east wind, as described in Exodus 14:21.
- There is no historical record of such an event occurring. The Egyptians were meticulous record keepers, and yet there is no mention of such an event in their records.
|The Red Sea's maximum width is 190 miles, its greatest depth is 9,974 feet (
3,040 meters), and its area is approximately 174,000 square miles (450,000 square km).
"Yam Suph" (Red Sea or Sea of Reeds?)
Fake Artifacts and the Dead Sea Scrolls
|The Dead Sea Scrolls are now deemed completely fake.|
In 2020, a study commissioned by the Museum of the Bible in Washington, D.C., revealed that none of the textual fragments in the museum’s Dead Sea Scroll collection are authentic. The fragments, which have been displayed since 2017, were found to be forgeries made from old shoe leather or other materials in the 20th century. They also include so-called fragments of the Book of Exodus.
Fraudulent artifacts bearing Hebrew inscriptions have been discovered in the past, and some have been used to promote a combined political, scientific, and religious agenda.
In addition to this, Israeli authorities have charged four antique collectors with creating a string of fraudulent Biblical artifacts. The announcement came as police and the Israel Antiquities Authority were ending a large-scale 18-month investigation into antiquities fraud.
The Center for the Future of Museums identified key issues for museums to address in its TrendsWatch 2019 report. The report highlighted how fraudulent artifacts bearing Hebrew inscriptions were planted to promote a combined political, scientific, and religious agenda
The Israel Stele
|A so-called singular instance of the word "Israel".
Found nowhere else, and yet its biblical story is one of victory.
- "Jezreel", a city and valley in northern Canaan;
- A continuation of the description of Libya referring to "wearers of the sidelock"
- The term 'Israel' on the stele does not refer to the Israelites of the Bible, but to a group of nomadic invaders who were defeated by Merneptah. It claims that the hieroglyphic sign for 'people' is actually a variant of the 'foreign land' sign and that the determinative for 'country' is missing. It also suggests that the name 'Israel' derives from a Canaanite god named El rather than the biblical patriarch Jacob.
- The conventional dating of the Exodus to the 13th century BCE is based on the assumption that Ramesses II was the pharaoh of the Exodus. It proposes that the Exodus occurred in the 15th century BCE, during the reign of Amenhotep II, and that Israel was already established in Canaan by the time of Merneptah.
The Mesha Stele
This Mesha Stele is supposedly a replica of the original that was smashed beyond repair?
- The circumstances of its discovery are suspicious. The stele was reportedly found in 1868 by a Bedouin tribe in Dhiban, Jordan, among the ruins of an ancient city. However, the Bedouins did not inform the local authorities or any reputable archaeologist but tried to sell it to various European consuls and agents for a high price. The stele was also broken into pieces by the Bedouins, who claimed that they did so to prevent it from being stolen by rival tribes or foreigners. Some stele fragments were never recovered, and others were allegedly replaced by fakes.
- The content of the inscription is inconsistent with other sources. The stele claims that King Mesha of Moab defeated the Israelites and conquered several towns, including Jericho (Qeriho). However, no archaeological evidence exists that Jericho was occupied or fortified in the 9th century BCE. The stele also mentions several gods and places that are not attested elsewhere in ancient sources.
- The language of the inscription is anomalous and anachronistic. The stele is written in an ancient form of Hebrew, but it contains several linguistic features that are either uncommon or unknown in other inscriptions from the same period. For example, the stele uses the definite article (ha-) before proper names, which is rare in Hebrew epigraphy. It also uses some words and expressions that are either borrowed from later biblical Hebrew or influenced by Aramaic. Some scholars have suggested that the forger used a biblical text as a model for composing the inscription, but made some mistakes or alterations to make it look more authentic
|Crescent Moon deity Yarikh, which eventually became known as YHWH|
The Errancy of Oral History
The 1st 5 books of Moses(Deuteronomy 34:5 says Moses died, but the book continues for several verses..?)
The first five books of the Bible, also known as the Torah or the Five Books of Moses, are traditionally believed to have been told by Moses himself around 1,300 B.C.E. The preservation of these books initially were done orally.